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Bandipur National Park

Visit Bandipur National Park for Experiencing the Beauty of Nature and the Majesty of Wildlife
About Bandipur National Park
The Bandipur National Park is located in the Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka and was declared a tiger reserve, way back in 1974, as a part of Project Tiger movement. Spread over an area of almost 874 in measurement. the park is the home of several species of endangered animals. The park is favored by visitors wanting to enjoy peaceful time in close contact with nature and also those seeking a respite from the everyday stress of the fast-paced city life. Situated in the Deccan plateau region of southern India, the park is shadowed by the Western Ghats, and consequently it features diverse ecosystems, which include dry deciduous forests, moist deciduous forests and shrub lands. This provides a perfect environment for the diverse species of animals and plants to thrive in their natural surroundings. The park is also bordered by the Kabini River on the northern end and the Moyar River towards the south, while the Nugu River flows through it. The park has a classic tropical climate with separate dry and wet seasons which generally begin around the months of March and June respectively.

History of the Park
The Bandipura National Park is amongst the oldest wildlife sanctuaries of India, as it was established in 1931, long before being designated as a Tiger Reserve. The Maharaja of Mysore, King Voodiyar at that time, demarcated a sanctuary that covered nearly 90 sq. kms., from his personal hunting grounds and which then came to be known by the name of Venugopal Wildlife Park. Later in 1941, the park was expanded to include the nearby Nagarhole National Park, located towards its west, as well as the sanctuaries of Wynad and Madumulai, located on its southern side. Today, this entire area forms a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which is one of the largest expanses of protected jungle.

The Flora And Fauna Of Bandipura National Park
The Bandipura National Park has an abundance of different types of timber tress including rosewood, teak, sandalwood, Indian-laurel, Indian Kino tree and different types of bamboo trees. In addition, the park also thrives with different varieties of flower and fruit trees and shrubs, which include the kadam tree, Indian gooseberry, crape-myrtle, axlewood, black myrobalan, flame of the forest, golden shower tree, etc. Although the park is renowned for housing a good number of tigers, it is also famous as the abode of several other rare and endangered species of animals, which include the Indian elephant, gaur, sambhar, cheetal, mouse deer, four-horned antelope, porcupine, panther and black-knapped hare etc. The forests offer a pleasing and rejuvenating atmosphere to make the visitors feel refreshed and revitalized.

The Gopalswamy Betta
A major tourist attraction of the Bandipura National Park is the small hill Gopalaswamy Betta (GS Betta) located within the park. This hill is the highest peak of the park and houses a renowned temple dedicated to Lord   Venugopala Swamy, an incarnation of Lord Krishna, on its crest. Visitors can get a magnificent view of the surrounding valleys from the top of this hill. The temple, which was constructed by Perumal Dandanayaka in 1315, was built according to the Chola style architectural style and features a single-tiered gopuram. The temple is also famous for its various sculptures and portraits related closely to the various aspects of Hindu mythology. The garb griha of the temple is also renowned for the panel containing the statute of Lord Krishna under a tree, with a flute in his hands and performing rasleela. It is said that the site was selected by Rishi Agastya to perform extreme penance, which appeased Lord Vishnu so much that he promised to live here for generations.

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