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Jaisalmer- A Historical Town In The Midst Of a Great Desert

The Golden City of India
Jaisalmer, which was at one time known by the name of Jaisalmer state, is a town located in the midst of the Thar Desert in Rajasthan. Situated on a ridge made of yellow sandstone, is also known as “The Golden City.” The city gets its name from its founder, the Rajput king, Maharawal Jaisal Singh, who established the city in 1156. The nickname of “ The Golden City” is used in view of the fact that not only is the city covered in yellow sand , but almost all its buildings are made from yellow sandstone, giving it a golden hue. During the British rule, Jaisalmer was one of the few princely states that deferred the signing of a treaty with the British government till the last moment.

Places of Interest in the Desert Town
Despite its remote location, Jaisalmer has attracted numerous tourists primarily because of the various artistic structures and monuments that hold much significance at least in the local history of the region. Its main tourist attractions are listed below.
Jaisalmer Fort: This most important tourist attraction of Jaisalmer was constructed in 1156 AD by Maharawal Jaisal Singh. The fort is located on the top of Meru Hill and is also famous as the crown of Jaisalmer. The Fort, like most other structures I the region s made form sandstone and its walls have a yellow color that is quite similar to a lion’s skin. Apart from being home to nearly 1/3rd of the city’s population, the Fort also has a palace, popularly known as the Raj Mahal. In addition there are quite a few Jain temples which are extremely beautiful and are finely sculpted as well as the famous Laxminath Temple.
Bada Bagh:  Located nearly six kms away from Jaisalmer in the Northern direction, this huge garden complex is another favorite tourist spot frequented by visitors. The Bada Bagh, which means Big Garden, is quite famous for its royal chhatris dedicated to the kings of Jaisalmer. The first of these Chhatris or cenotaphs is naturally dedicated to Maharawal Jaisal Singh. Even though the gardens are not properly attended to in the modern times, people are attracted to the place to see the hills decorated with the Chhatris, which in themselves are quite beautiful and interesting.
Government Museum:  Tourists visit in large number in this government museum to learn about the historical period of the raja and maharajas of Jaisar.
Desert National Park: Spread over an area of nearly 3162 sq. km., this is one of the biggest national parks of India. More than 20%of the park area is covered by sand dunes. The park is known for its variety of birdlife including the different kinds of migratory birds as well as birds which are only found in the desert regions. Apart from the sand dunes, the terrain is generally made up of weathered rocks, solid salt lake bottoms and intermedial regions. This national park is also famous for its collection of animal fossils as well as plant fossils dating back to over 180 million years.

Things to Buy In the Golden City
 Jaisalmer is a haven for people who love traditional Rajasthani artwork, embroidery and handicrafts.
Embroidery Items: Jaisalmer is renowned for its hand embroidered and mirror work embossed dress materials and other household goods. People can choose from among suits, bed sheets, handbags or even rugs quilts and blankets with traditional stone and mirror work. The best places to buy these things are the government owned shops as they operate without taking a commission making the articles reasonably priced.

Handicrafts: People visiting Jaisalmer also love to shop for beautifully designed and handicrafts carved out of wood or stone from markets like Sadar Bazar, Sonaron ka Bass, Manak Chowk, Pansari bazar, Gandhi Darshan and Seema gram, etc. located within the Fort.


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