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Patna – An Ancient Seat of Learning and Knowledge
The History of Patna
Patna, the capital of the state of Bihar, is among one of the oldest inhabited cities across the globe with a history that dates back to nearly 3000 years. The city which was previously known by the name of Patliputra is located on southern shores of River Ganga and was the capital of the kingdom of Magadha under several dynasties of rulers. However, the city grew and flourished the most under the rule of the Maurya dynasty, and especially during the reign of Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka, when the city became a major educational and cultural center in the region. Much later, the city played a vital role as the hub of various freedom movements of India which were intended to gain independence from the British rule.

Places of Tourist Interest in Patna
Takht Sri Patna Sahib: This Sikh holy shrine, which is also famous by the name of Gurudwara Patna Sahib, was built to commemorate the tenth Sikh guru, Guru Gobind Singh, who was born at this exact place on 22nd December, 1666. The Gurudwara is located on the banks of River Ganga, and was built under the aegis of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire. This is one of the five most respected sacred thrones or Takhts of the Sikh community and it is said that Guru Teg Bahadur lived here with his wife after touring the various cities of India. The Gurdwara, which is considered by many as the hub of Sikhism in eastern India, features several personal artifacts of Guru Gobind Singh. These include a cradle or the Pangura having four gold plated stands, in which the Guru himself is believed to have slept as an infant. In addition, the Shrine also has four arrows made of iron, a holy sword of the Guru and a pair of sandals.

Patan Devi Temple:  This magnificent temple basically consists of two temples, namely the Bari Patan Devi Temple and the. Chowk area of the city, the temple is thronged by countless visitors especially on saptami, ashtami and navami. According to legend, the naming of the city of Patna was largely influenced by the presence of the Patan Devi temple in the area.  The Chhoti Patan Devi Temple, situated right in the Chowk area, features several statues of Lord Ganesh, Surya and Lord Vishnu. The Bari Patan Devi Temple is placed in the vicinity of River Ganga and features black stone sculptures of Mahakali, Maha Lakshmi, Maha Saraswati and Bhairav near the entrance.

Agam Kuan:  This oldest archeological site of Patna is also renowned for its great significance. The well, which dates back to the time of the great Mauryan King Ashoka, is also known as the “unfathomable well” and is situated in the vicinity of Shitala Devi  Temple, a famous and ancient Hindu temple. The well has a depth of nearly 105 ft deep and its perimeter covers an area of 20 ft.  The upper half of the well is covered with a brick layer of nearly 44 ft, which is secured with the help of wooden rings. In addition, the surface structure features eight arched windows. As per the local legend, the well was constructed by King Ashoka for torturing people and he also used this well to drown his 99 brothers, so that he could become the King of the Mauryan Empire.

Golghar: This beehive shaped building was constructed by Captain John Garstin in 1786, with the intention of using it as a store house. The structure of the building was inspired by the stupa style of architecture, and features a base having a width of nearly 125m while walls are approximately 3.6 m thick.


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