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Delhi – The Merging Point of the Various Cultures and Communities of India
Famous Historical and Architectural Structures
India Gate: Located on the Raj Path, this memorial was specially constructed by with the initiative of Sir Edwin Lutyens, as a mark of respect for the Indian soldiers, those who laid down their lives during World War I. On the immense walls of the Gate are inscribed the names of more than 90,000 soldiers who died in that war. Built in 1931, the memorial features an undying flame at the base, known as “Amar Jawan Jyoti”, which commemorates the sacrifices of the soldiers of Indian Independence.
Jama Masjid: This Masjid was constructed under the aegis, of Shahjahan, who was considered as one of the greatest Mughal Emperor, is amongst the biggest mosques of Old Delhi. The floor of the mosque is made completely from black and white marble resembling the look of a traditional Muslim prayer mat. Located in Chawri bazaar, one of the busiest streets of Old Delhi, the mosque has a huge outer courtyard, where nearly 25,000 people can offer prayers at once.
Jantar Mantar: located in the heart of Delhi, Jantar Mantar is one of the five similar astronomical observatories built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, in various parts of India. The monument dates back to 1724, and features ancient structures and instruments, that helped people to keep track of the celestial bodies in the old times. Most of these instruments, such as the Samrat Yantra, used for calculating times, and the Jai Prakash Yantra, used to detect the position of sun, still provide a data that is as good as accurate.
Red Fort: This fort is also famous by the name of Lal Quila. The unique Fort was built by the great Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century and was originally named “Quila-i-Mubarak”. The fort features various monuments including Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Aam, Mumtaz Mahal, Nahr-i-Behisht, Moti Masjid, Zenana, and also Hayat Bakhsh Bagh as well as an Army Cantonment. The fort has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO as it reflects the grandeur of the courts of the Emperors during the Mughal era.
Humayun’s Tomb: The famous tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun was built in 1562, on the instructions of his wife Begum Hamida Banu. Located in Nizamuddin East, the complete structure is made from red sandstone and features a vast garden complex having fountains, pools, trees and benches where visitors can sit. The place has been declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and it also houses the tomb of Humayun’s father, Mughal Emperor Babar, which is located in close vicinity to the main tomb of Humayun.
Qutab Minar: This Minar is located in the Meheruli region of Delhi. Qutub-ud-din Aibak from Slave dynasty built this minar. This minar was constructed as a representation of Muslim domination in Delhi. This Minar is made out of sand stone of red color and ranges up to 72.5 meters in height. Intricate carvings are made on the wall of the minar with verses from the great Quran.
Lotus Temple: Lotus temple of New Delhi was constructed in the year 1986 and know as Bahá'í House of Worship. The temple is like a Lotus and won several award for its architectural structure.
Akshardham Temple: One of the beautiful Hindu temples in Delhi is Akshardham Temple. You will be highly impressed when you see the architectural work of this temple.
Planning to go this place via Indian Rail?
Visit www.indianrail.gov.in. / for knowing specific trains going to this place. You may book your train tickets at www.irctc.co.in/
Planning to go this place via Bus?
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